Monday, April 7, 2014

Performance Tip - Using Dual() and Chart Visual Cues

I recently diagnosed a slow Straight Table chart. The chart contained 100K+ rows. One column contained a complex expression that returned a Y/N string flag for the column. Something like:

=if(complex expression, 'Y', 'N')

They also wanted to set the background color of the cell, green for Y, red for N. So the Expression Background Color property repeated the same complex expression to assign a color:

=if(complex expression, green(), red())

I surmised the expression was being calculated twice for each row. I changed  the main expression to set a Dual().

=if(complex expression, dual('Y',1), dual('N',0))

The chart cell still displays the Y/N text. But now I could use 1 and 0 values on the Visual Cues pane and eliminate the Background Color expression entirely. Much faster!


Monday, February 10, 2014

Masters Summit for QlikView Europe: Amsterdam October 2014

After successful events in Las VegasLondon and Barcelona, and the upcoming event in Chicago next April 1 – 3, I am pleased to announce that the next European edition of the Masters Summit for QlikView will be held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands on October 1 - 3, 2014. 
If you are a QlikView developer then the practical skills, ready-to-use resources and excellent peer networking offered at this event will make for 3 days that you do not want to miss! More information about the event can be found on the Masters Summit for QlikView website. Information about the venue will be added soon.
If you are based in North America or can't wait until October, there are still seats available at the Chicago summit April 1-3. Registration is available on the website

Monday, February 3, 2014

Speed up Script Development with BUFFER

A BUFFER prefix on a LOAD or SQL statement creates and maintains an automatic QVD for that statement. Subsequent executions of the LOAD/SELECT statement will read from the QVD, avoiding another (slower) trip to the database. A read from QVD is generally 5-10 times faster than fetching from database.


On first execution, the SELECT will fetch rows from the database and the resulting TranTab will be stored in a specially named QVD on the local machine. On subsequent reloads, TranTab will automatically be loaded from the local QVD.

If you make a change to the TranTab LOAD/SQL statement, QV Reload will detect the change and fetch from the database again and update the local QVD.

During script development it's not uncommon to perform a reload several times. You can greatly reduce the duration of a script run by adding BUFFER to your statements. Any script changes/adds you make will automatically invalidate that buffer and re-fetch from the database.

Don't forget to remove the BUFFER keyword before moving to production!

You can read more about BUFFER and some optional parameters in the Qlikview Help.


Tuesday, January 28, 2014

Analyzing Your QVPR

The Qlikview Management Console (QMC) is used to define Reload and Distribution tasks for your Qlikview documents. These definitions are stored in a set of XML files -- the Qikview Repository (QVPR) -- located in C:\ProgramData\QlikTech\ManagementService\QVPR on your server.

The QMC provides a good overview of scheduled tasks, but a better analysis is sometimes need to answer questions like:

  • What documents are being scheduled on a Monthly schedule? Weekly?
  • What documents are using Dynamic Distribution (reduction) and what field controls the distribution?
  • Which administrator modified this task and when?
  • What documents are being distributed to group Accounting?
  • How many documents are being distributed as PDF?
  • Do I have logical errors in my QVPR?
  • When was my server upgraded?
I've produced a "QVPR Analysis" tool that loads the QVPR XML files and makes them available for Qlikview analysis to answer the above questions and more. You can download the QVPR Analysis tool  from the "Tools" menu of

The download link above contains some screenshots from the tool (names are scrambled in the images).

You can load directly from the server QVPR folder or an offline local copy obtained from the server. The offline capability makes the tool especially useful for remote consultants who can analyze a customer's configuration without having QMC access.

This is the same tool provided to Masters Summit for Qlikview attendees last year. If you've already received a copy, no need to download again. I plan to continue enhancing the tool and will release further updates on

The analysis is pretty much text and tables which has suited my needs just fine. I've used the tool several times to solve some tricky customer problems or get someone out of a jam.

If you have Qlikview Publisher, you'll get detailed information on Distribution tasks. If you don't have Publisher, you won't have distribution information but you'll still get useful information on reload schedules and QVPR structure.

If you build some new analysis or find the tool useful, drop me a comment.


Tuesday, January 21, 2014

A Color Trick

A Customer showed me this stacked bar chart and asked how to "make the Goals a different color". What he really wanted was to differentiate the Goal stacks from the Actual stacks -- but still be able to associate the Channels (Consumer, Online,...).

Channel values are expected to change over time, so any hard-coding of Channel to color would require maintainence. Here's the Background Color expression I suggested:

,argb(96,255,255,255) bitand color(FieldIndex('Channel',Channel))

If that makes perfect sense to you, read no further. Otherwise let me break the expression down.

What we are doing in the expression is setting the Alpha value to "96" when "Type=Goal". "Type=Actual" will retain the Alpha default of "255".

Color codes in QV are made up of four numbers -- Alpha, Red, Green, Blue -- values which we can set in a color dialog or a color function. Alpha indicates the amount of transparency, ranging from 0 (fully transparent) to 255 (fully opaque). Colors functions without an explicit Alpha value like "RGB(0,128,0)" default to Alpha=255.

The function "Color(n)" returns the color code for the "Nth" position in the chart color palette.

FieldIndex('Field', Value) returns the position of  Value in Field (by load order).  This will generate a number for each distinct Channel value, regardless of how many Channel values are loaded. We are effectively assigning persistent colors because FieldIndex() is not affected by selections.

1. We use color(FieldIndex('Channel',Channel)) to select color n from the palette.

2. If  Type=Goal  we use the boolean bitand operator to set the Alpha value for the selected color to "96" without modifying the RGB values. Adjust this 96 value for an effect of your liking.  


Monday, January 20, 2014

My "Qlikview Cookbook" is now available online at where you can browse and download high-quality examples and tutorials.

In 2008 I published the first edition of the "Qlikview Cookbook", a downloadable collection of Qlikview examples designed as a reference and training tool for Qlikview developers. The last update to the Cookbook was in 2011 and  it has been downloaded from over 20,000 times.
You can follow updates to the Cookbook in a couple of ways:
1. Sign up for the Cookbook Newsletter on the Qlikview Cookbook home page. You'll receive a monthly email of "What's New" plus bonus material. 

2. Follow @QvCookbook on twitter.

Use the site's contact form to leave me any suggestions or requested additions. 

Happy learning!

Note: The QlikviewCookbok site is not related to the similarly named and excellent book "Qlikview Cookbook for Developers" by Stephen Redmond. 

Friday, January 17, 2014

Masters Summit for Qlikview -- Chicago April 1-3

Masters Summit for Qlikview

The next  Masters Summit for Qlikview is approaching. Dates are April 1-3 and the location this year is Chicago. 
I'll be joining some of the leading QlikCommunity contributors and authors live for 3 days  to discuss advanced techniques in building complex solutions with QlikView. 
Sessions are targeted at intermediate to advanced Qlikview developers and will cover advanced tools and techniques across a wide spectrum of Qlikview development skills -- Scripting, Modeling, Visualization, Expressions, Server, Performance. See the list of sessions here.
In 2013 Masters Summits were held in Las Vegas, London and Barcelona. Response from the attendees was overwhelmingly positive. Read their comments here.
For complete program details and registration information, see the Summit Website. I hope to see you there!